It is theorized that embedding germanium into cotton garments is an effective way to use the transdermal effect to create a micro electromagnetic field, leading to increased circulation and affecting the inflammatory process. Gallium-68, a positron emitter with a half-life of 68 min, is now used as a diagnostic radionuclide in PET-CT when linked to pharmaceutical preparations such as DOTATOC, a somatostatin analogue used for neuroendocrine tumors investigation, and DOTA-TATE, a newer one, used for neuroendocrine metastasis and lung neuroendocrine cancer, such as certain types of microcytoma. Aluminum has a wide variety of uses in everyday life. Germanium's major end uses in the present are fibre-optic systems and . Indium can be used to make mirrors that are as reflective as silver mirrors but do not tarnish as quickly. Silicone rubber is readily cured and molded to produce materials, including automotive and electronic sealants and gaskets, tires, cables, industrial molds, food molds, artistic replications, toys and play equipment, molds, reproductions and bakeware. Although silicon and germanium were used in radar detectors in the early 1940s, very little was known about the physics and materials science of these semiconductors. Thanks to these special properties, molybdenum is indispensable in many key industries: For highly pure types of glass, the glass industry prefers glass melting electrodes made of molybdenum. The most common use of germanium is as a semiconductor. Uses. About 40 percent of the germanium produced in the United States is now used … About 40 percent of the germanium produced in the United States is now used … However, germanium has its own advantages, e.g. Germanium is one of the metalloid in Group 14 on period 3 with the symbol Ge with 32 protons and 32 electrons with 41 neutrons with an electron configuration of 2–8–18–4. Devices using caesium include photomultiplier tubes, video camera tubes. Germanium substrates form one layer in multilayer systems that also use gallium, indium phosphide, and gallium arsenide. Germanium also has the unusual property that (like water) it expands as it freezes. infrared optics. It is used as an ingredient in red signal flares and phosphors and is the principal health hazard in radioactive fallout. Lead is a main group element, present below tin, in Group 14 of the periodic table. Uses of aluminum. For a chemically lazy gas, argon has proved to be eminently employable. Silicon, a nonmetallic chemical element in the carbon family that makes up 27.7 percent of Earth’s crust; it is the second most abundant element in the crust, being surpassed only by oxygen. Aluminum has opened up new dimensions in the last decades. The element and its oxide are used in highly sensitive infrared detectors and other optical devices. Germanium compounds are used for polymerization catalysts. Transistor and MOSFET are used as a switch in most of the Electrical Circuits. Here a small current can be used to control a larger one, amplifying a signal or acting as a switch. Scientists at Bell Laboratories soon recognized that a deeper understanding of these materials was necessary for rapid application to communications. But did you know that this much-cherished metal is also used in abundance in all these everyday items? The application of electronic gadgets like computers and mobile phones in daily life has been increasing day by day and so the applications of semiconductors. higher carrier mobility than silicon, Uses and properties John Emsley, Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements , Oxford University Press, New York, 2nd Edition, 2011. It can also be used to make signs that have a yellowish- green glow to them. Germanium dioxide can be used as a catalyst in the production of the PET plastic used in many bottles, though it is rarely employed for this in Europe and the US. There are also tutorials on the first thirty-six elements of the periodic table. Its relative abundance and affordability, combined with its ductility, malleability, resistance to corrosion, and heat and electrical conductivity makes the metal versatile for all sorts of applications. Germanium, rubidium, selenium, silicon, tellurium, and several other elements can be substituted for caesium in photosensitive materials. It is used in construction, batteries, alloys, ammunition, pigments, and various other items. The Amazing Uses of Lead That Make it a Versatile Metal. Germanium is used in transistors and in integrated circuits. With high performance even at the highest temperatures, molybdenum is widely used in our everyday life. It is used in solar cell applications. Aluminum can be used to create cans for soft drinks, but it is also used for manufacturing kitchen utensils, siding for houses and so much more. atomic number 38 atomic weight 87.62 melting point 769 °C (1,416 °F) Some germanium compounds are useful because they are toxic to bacteria but are harmless for mammals. Argon has many practical properties such as inert nature, abundance, low thermal conductivity, and ionization that makes it very advantageous for various applications. But other uses of the element are now more important. But other uses of the element are now more important. Silicon was so successful that germanium was forgotten by most researchers for decades soon after the rst silicon transistor was invented and commercialized from Texas Instrument in 1952. Germanium is also used as an alloying agent, a catalyst, and as a phosphor for fluorescent lamps. Germanium has an atomic weight of 73 atomic mass units. It is also used in blue and violet LEDs and laser diodes. Indium is also used … Uses of Semiconductors in Everyday life. Indium tin oxide is popularly used in low pressure sodium lamps. Read on! Today, they are employed in many devices and the standard of these devices is getting better due to these semiconductors. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science Education, It’s Elemental - The Periodic Table of Elements , accessed December 2014. Uses of Germanium. 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